The Possible Decrease of Poverty

There are many solutions to a problem.  It just it seems to me that my idea seems sound, not just by me being biased that it is me, but I see the evidence of it around me where I live.  Poverty is a problem, and when people are faced with survival, they will break the law in order to get the things they need in order to survive.  This is not the case with all crime, but a large portion, it is the case.  I firmly believe that with the money that this country has, there should absolutely be no person living on the streets.  Not only should one consider the entire budget of The United States, but consider as well the printing power that this country has.  People don’t like the idea of paying for someone else to live; they would rather have their tax money go towards other things, especially considering how little reading people do on poverty.  People figure that you can just take things into your own hands, and just get out of poverty.  Since the majority of people in poverty stay in poverty, they are perceived to deserve to be there because they do not have the ability to get out.  The whole premise of our economy, our philosophy of it, is that people with more ability should be paid more.  So if people don’t have the ability to get out of poverty, then they should stay there.

But I just argue it is the decent thing to do, and we have the money to do it.  People don’t trust the government, as they should, but I think this would be a key point to use the power of the government.  Church’s do wonderful work, but they don’t have the capital to do what I am proposing needs to be done.  Private charities I just do not trust for the life of me.  The profit incentive is just too much with those organizations, and exploit their message to make more money for themselves at the expense of the people they were paid to help.  This is why I think the government is the only entity that can really pull this off on a national level.

I have found a basic relationship where I live.  There are extremes in income levels throughout the city and county.  What I have found, is that the neighborhoods seem to be in conditions accordance with different schools, and the better the schools create better neighborhoods.  It’s a symbiotic relationship.  Meaning, both entities influence one another in either a positive or negative way.  Considering that most schools, not all, are funded by property taxes, it makes sense that better schools create better neighborhoods and vise versa.  However, it is in my belief, that with this system comes a feedback loop in either the positive or negative way.

In regards to a positive feedback loop, good academic performance creates good test scores, good funding, and good advertisement for the school.  It puts the district or neighborhood in demand.  Raising prices, which increases funding for the school.  There is even a district where I live, that actually volunteered to raise prices for the school district.  The community recognizes the strength of education, and wants good education for their families.

On the negative side of things, poor test scores or academic performance, lowers the demand of the district in general.  This decreases the price of the real estate in the area.  With less money being funded to the schools, cuts have to be made, making learning conditions worse for the students, increasing the likelihood of poor test scores.  This makes property values go down, which further impacts the school.

There are other variables that impact property values.  The big one for me that comes to mind is crime.  The problem is crime would be alleviated if people were more educated, because they would decrease some if not most of poverty, by creating people that can land higher paying jobs, which again would decrease crime.  It’s all interconnected.

In short, by increasing the quality of education in all areas, people would be prepared to not only make better decisions, but to go to college, get a degree, and land a higher paying job.  This would create better communities to be apart of.

What is this idea?

It’s really basic.  I think what makes the most sense, if you the reader, were to read my posts on government debt, to print the money required to fund schools in need, and schools that are the center of poverty.  The funds would initially be used to modernize the facilities of the school.  Good electrical, plumping, good gyms, technological science labs, I mean the works.  There would also be money allocated, to hire better quality teachers.  Hopefully there would be enough funds available, to try and keep class size low.  With better facilities, and better teaching staff, it is up to the staff to provide favorable test scores.  I will note, that I think it would be better to teach multiple subjects, rather than just a test.  If you were to teach the kids well, the ACT or SAT would be just another test to study for.  To take the entire year to teach this test, you rob the student’s potential of learning important aspects of our world and society.

Tax payers are going to want the money to be paid back.  Essentially the school should be run like a business.  If a teacher is under performing, make warnings, but then don’t be afraid to fire.  All expenses, including the salaries of administration, should be termed “expenses.”  The profits are then sent back to the government to be paid back in full over time.  The incentive to pay back the government at a decent rate, is to have that money paid back into the school.  Once the government is paid back, (yes there will be instances where schools will fail and should be learned from) the government can take a database of statistics on the program, and ultimately can be used to learn how to attack the issue of poverty further.

It’s a really basic idea, founded upon a basic relationship I have found in my community.  At the very least, I would hope this idea could start a conversation on how to infuse government capital into education.  We spend trillions of dollars for wars, yet we refuse to educate our own people.  And honestly, I think that it is intentional.  As a Rockefellar was caught saying, “I want a nation of workers, not thinkers.”

The only thing we can really do, is express our voice to the people in power.  Honestly, I have lost hope there, but I am going to write to my representatives about this issue.  Ultimately I think what gets a voice in Washington is money, but at least I will have the ease of mind knowing I did what I could to bring an idea that I have to fruition for America.


Plato’s Lifeforce –> Energy



The Ancient Greek philosopher Plato, theorized that there was a life force in all matter on this planet.  However, people knew through working with stone and rock, there were no living parts or systems of these materials.  Since there was nothing to be observed for this theory, there was obviously scrutiny.  Understandably, people wanted observable evidence to this theory than to accept it – which is understandable considering human nature.  Even to this day, physicists and mathematicians create theories without possibility of acquiring evidence, or in other words to test the theory.  The prime example of this is string theory.  It is a mathematical marvel, however physicists are starting to shift to other areas of thought, simply because they want to work towards something that is testable.

Is it possible that we are thinking about this in the wrong way?  After all, all matter was created from energy.  The energy that drives this planet, to make the planet’s systems sustainable, comes from the sun.  The sun is pure energy.  As we learned in elementary school, foliage consumes sunlight, which is then in turn consumed by other animals.  Either by sucking in oxygen, or by consuming the plants themselves, or by consuming other animals that consumed those plants or other animals.  Thus, the food pyramid.  The food pyramid is one of the mechanisms by which the sun’s energy is transferred.

My contention that everything has some sort of energy, and thus is the lifeforce that Plato was talking about.

What about rocks?  They act as transferring heat from itself to what is around it.  In fact, it has been theorized that when energy is transferred through the rock, and it is in a pool of hydro carbons (like pools by volcanoes), eventually the atomic structure of the rock would change.  Why?  Because the rock is becoming more efficient at transferring its flow.  (The Constructal Law)  Look at water.  The movement of water, either by potential energy or by direct energy through the sun, brings about movement to fuel the life on this planet.  Each organism consumes this energy in some way, and is used to create energy for that organism, while its waste is used as energy for other organisms.  It’s a complete cycle.  If one were to consider that the transfer of energy, that substance or organism “has” energy, then there is energy in all things.  There is a lifeforce to this universe, which means Plato was right.

But what other aspects of this lifeforce are there?  I think energy can be expressed in a wave, with a frequency and amplitude.  These different frequencies make things like heat, light, and compounds.  In fact, one could argue that matter is a certain frequency of energy.  With that said, I think anything living, are in tune to these frequencies that energy produces in them and other things.  A common example of this would be dogs.  Cesar Millan, the gentleman behind The Dog Whisperer, has a theory based upon the “energy” of the dog.  Meaning, how does it feel to be around the dog?  The reason why these dogs exert these energies, is because different states of mind metabolize its fuel differently, and changes the physiology of the dog.  The energy of the owner, or in this case Cesar Millan, interacts with one another like two waves coming into contact, creating a resultant.  This “resultant” wave, is the wave that is perceived, and thus is responded to.  In essence, the dog communicates how he or she feels to Cesar, or any owner that is in tune with their dog.  This is possible because the energy is transferred through the air, literally affecting the air molecules.

I would argue the same happens with plants.  If I were to walk in a state or national park, I would feel at ease assuming I didn’t run into predators.  That is because the energy of water, the wind, and trees and plants, provides a sense of relaxation that is not felt anywhere else but nature.  Simply because our physiology evolved from nature.  I suppose if natural selection is true, some time down the line humans would start to evolve to the conditions of the city, rather than nature herself.  I don’t think we would live to see the day.

Therefore, not only is energy in all things, as fuel, but as a means of communication and ultimately influences the perception of living things.  When you go about your day, and you are in the presence of friends and family, pay attention to what you feel like when you encounter them.  It is true, that a bad day may influence these feelings, so I suppose pay attention over time.  Each person feels different, because they metabolize energy differently, resulting in different waves, which against changes the resultant wave.

One might be able to consider that energy can act like a neural network.  It flows through all living and nonliving things, and provides a very subtle way to communicate to everything on this planet.

This is why I do not discredit Plato.  I actually think he was right, and were thousands of years ahead of his time.  It is astounding, to think at the very beginning of our universe, during the big bang, pure energy would shape, provide fuel, as well as a means of communication for the universe entirely.

Thanks for reading!  Feel free to submit questions and comments.  And thanks for sticking with me, I haven’t wrote on this blog for a long time.  I do hope to change that.

Government Debt –> What is it? How does it work?


There is a common debate being displayed on the internet when discussing the national debt.  First, a person will chime in saying the debt is unsustainable when looking at the interest payments and the amount of taxes the government receives.  Then another person will chime in and say “the debt isn’t what you think it is.”  The first person just can’t fathom a debt that doesn’t matter as much as he or she perceived, and since they refuse to read up on the issue (it takes some time), while misunderstanding how the system works, he or she continues to disagree with what person B is saying.  Usually, people who view this “new” national debt are labeled as liberal, and the other party as conservative.

The best way to understand how the system works, is to view the economy as a flow of money.  The flow of money has three major segments.  Treasury to the Banks, the Banks to The Fed, and The Fed to the Treasury.  I would argue that this triangle is the core of our financial system, as the flow between these three bodies encapsulates the whole process of printing.  Let’s start with The Treasury.

The Treasury has two accounts.  Its “tax” account, and its “spending” account.  The Treasury has a target amount of money to work with each day.  Meaning, the goal is to reach that same amount day after day.  It isn’t precise.  The Treasury is able to print treasuries, or basically T bonds, or treasury bonds.  A bond is when a person gives a principle amount of money, and after the lifetime of the bond, the principle plus interest is paid back.  With a treasury, the bond is backed by the US government.  It is literally an asset that is safer than money itself.  If I am a billionaire and I have my assets as cash in banks, if an account is more than 250k it isn’t backed by the FDIC.  If the banks go under, then my cash goes with it.  But if I buy bonds that are backed by the US government, the US government will pay me back.  Therefore, this asset is in high demand, especially right now.  And treasuries, are the back bone of this entire system.

National Debt –>  Total outstanding treasuries.

Outstanding in this context, the financial context, means issued and sold.  So when the national debt clock increases over time, that means more and more treasuries have been bought.  Treasuries, like any other bond, has different lifetimes.  Month, three months, six months, year, ten years, even thirty years!  Over the course of the bond’s lifetime the interest on the bond is readjusted in accordance to the market’s conditions.  This is fundamentally important, because this means not all treasuries have to be repaid at once.  It is obvious, but becomes increasingly important as more is learned.

At the beginning of the day, The Treasury pays out what is due in expiring treasuries.  The remaining money that is in the “spending” account, is deficit spent.  Meaning, it is just spent in government programs.  (This is why fundamentally, regardless of ideology, the government is going to continue to grow in size.)  The Treasury then calculates what taxes they will receive from the bond holders later on in the year, and credits their spending account with tax money from their tax account.  Then, the remaining amount of money needed to put The Treasury’s spending account current, or in this case, the target amount of money that The Treasury works with each day – the required amount is printed in treasuries and they are ultimately sold.  This puts the spending account around the same amount of money it was at at the beginning of the day.  Currently, we are printing treasuries to pay for interest on treasuries.  Meaning the amount of money the Treasury prints is more than the amount of money The Treasury pays out.

When money is deficit spent, it is new money being deposited into the economy.  New money that gets spent on government programs, contracts, and employees.  They deposit money into their banks, and their banks get new deposits.  This increases the total liabilities that the banks have, which means their reserve accounts go up.  A bank, when it is issuing a loan, takes three main points into consideration.  What is the market for loans?  What is the customer’s credit?  What is the current reserve situation?  More reserves do not promote lending, however it allows for more lending.  That’s really important.

With more reserves being added to the system, eventually loans are made.  Loans are made through credit creation.  This basically means banks just fabricate the loan from nothing – they created credit out of thin air.  With all of these loans being made, and considering that loans are paid back over time, the net result is the expansion of the money supply.  This is crucial, because you need a growing money supply to meet the demand of money of the entire economy.  If there was a finite amount of money, the economy would screech to a halt because everyone would save their money because there would be no more to earn.  A growing money supply allows people to make more and more and more money.  Where this is relevant, is this allows people investing in treasuries, as well as new people to invest in treasuries, which allows treasuries to be bought consistently.

So a quick recap.  The Treasury pays out to bond holders that have expiring treasuries, and deficit spends.  This money ultimately increases bank reserves, which allows for more loans.  This expands the money supply, allows for more money to be invested into treasuries, who buys treasuries to put The Treasury’s account current.  Rinse and repeat.

As one could tell, it’s a feedback loop.  Deficit spending in essence takes the old bank loans and puts them back into the reserve system.  That’s important, because banks do not create reserves when they issue a loan.

There is one more step.  If one were to think about it, with the increasing amount of treasuries bought, the amount of treasuries to be paid out increases.  This decreases the amount that can be deficit spent.  Eventually the entire spending account will be used to pay out expiring treasuries.  Every year, The Fed transfers its “profits” to The Treasury, thus expanding the spending account.

How does The Fed make money?

The Fed makes money by providing services for banks, interest by providing loans to/for banks, and interest from the treasuries that it buys.  All of this interest is put in a server running a program that buys and sells currencies on the foreign exchange market.  The Fed then determines its expenses, and the remaining profit is then transferred to The Treasury.  This allows The Treasury to pay out existing debt, deficit spend, and sell debt at an expansionary rate.

There are some details that I left out, but I covered pretty much the entire printing process.  It’s really basic, it’s just people have to go out looking for it.  In my opinion, from the scholarly articles, journals, and books that I have read on this issue, our basic economic courses need an upgrade.  For example, my macroeconomics text book says banks create money from fractional reserve, where I read a study where economists were able to follow the books of a bank in Europe.  They created credit from nothing.

There are many implications and further understanding to take this.  But I want this post to be about how we print specifically.  Once that is understood, it can be seen that what we are doing is totally sustainable.  There are some people that think we can print as much as we want how fast as we want, and there will be no consequences.  I tend to think there are consequences on any action in this universe, so I do believe you can print too much.  But that is part of the reason of taxes.  It decreases the amount of you have to print to make The Treasury’s accounts current.  In essence, it slows the rate at which the national deficit increases.  If you have GDP increase as well, you can keep a certain target debt to GDP ratio.  Our is around 1, and Japan is over 2 and they are doing fine.  Yeah Japan has had some contractions/recessions/depressions however you want to define it.  But it is ignorant to think it is solely due to their debt levels, and not something else as complex as an economical system.

An indication on if you are printing too much is inflation.  However, it is usually the case with central banks, to keep inflation around 2 percent.  Not sure why.  If that starts to change significantly you can decrease demand by increasing taxes, or interest rates, or both.  If you would want to ease up on the taxes and interest rates, then it would be wise to deficit spend less.  Deficit ultimately helps put more money in the economy and thus increases demand.  If supply can’t keep up, prices increase.

I hope you all enjoyed this post!  Leave your comments/questions below.  Thanks!

A Physics Theory of Life and The Constructal Law

A Physics Theory of Life

The Constructal Law

The first link provided is an article about a MIT physicists who has recently provided the mathematics, or formula, to describe how possibly life began in general.  The second link is to a previous post of mine related to The Constructal Law – a new law of physics describing the structure in nature.

Both of these concepts stem from the thermodynamic laws.  As I recall from chemistry class, the first law of thermodynamics states that energy goes to a lower state of enthalpy.  (Meaning, that energy tends to be released)  The second law of thermodynamics state that matter goes to a state of higher entropy, or randomness.  For there to be orderly reactions, energy has to be put into the system.  So for example, a plant takes energy from the sun to construct sugars for nutrients with the help of water, and according to the article, plants emit infrared radiation.  There is always a spread of energy, as is described by the laws of thermodynamics.  What the constructal law accomplished was an overall framework on how the structure of our universe operates.  Put simply, the universe consists of various flow systems (including energy itself), and these systems will create structure to further facilitate its flow.  So a river delta is formed simply because more water can be moved with the least amount of energy.  Urban spread follows the constructal law.  Large volume segways are then met with smaller thoroughfares, which in turn get smaller.  It is exactly how nature herself operates.  Look at the circulatory system.  Huge arteries by the heart transfer blood to smaller veins which transports the blood to the designated site.  These are termed volume to point, or point to volume flow systems.  Neurons share the structure of lightning, while trees show the same structure as the respiratory system.  Structure is maintained by being more efficient in transferring whatever the system is transferring (flow systems).  This is why the inanimate looks the same throughout our universe.

Where these two law and theory come together, is the explanation of life.  In fact, I think the MIT physicists must of known of the constructual law.  The premise of his theory was predicted by the authors of the book I read, however the mathematics haven’t been derived.  Now it has been.  Of course, there is going to be scrutiny among the scientific community as it should, but I think this idea coincides with what is found in the constructal law.

Using the laws of thermodynamics, the physicist thought up of a very viable system.  Carbon atoms in a pool of something, something that carbon could radiate its heat off to.  Finally, this system is being bombarded with energy by the sun.  Through his mathematics, he is able to deduce that eventually the structure of the system would change by following the laws of thermodynamics.  The system will gravitate towards needing to expel more energy.  Why?  Because if we were to take this system as a flow system, the structure of the system will change to further facilitate its flow, or in this case, energy.  This is crucial.  Because if light is shined on the surface of the Earth for billions of years, eventually structures would evolve and eventually primitive life could form.  And, when there is primitive life and eventually RNA and DNA, Darwinian concepts take hold.  But life itself is a further facilitate of energy.  More energy can be transferred per unit of energy used.  This is the true driving force of evolution.  Mutations that work exist because they can transfer energy more efficiently.  And each layer of organisms can be used as a source of energy for others.

I honestly think if the mathematics of this all checks out, it could be a candidate for the Nobel Prize.  Of course they are already coming up with ideas to test his theory in the lab, which is crucial in the whole scientific process.  However, it must be noted, that computer models show his mathematics at work.  So I think that will boost his idea in the various labs across the world to try to verify or disprove his idea.  To think that the inanimate is the very creator of life is very chilling.  To see it work from the very beginning, the big bang, the formation of stars and planets, and those stars if under the right conditions create “life” or formations that can facilitate further the flow of energy.

Wouldn’t it be perfect?  Wouldn’t it be perfect to create a system that is literally self-evolving and self-sustaining, that has no need to be tampered with?  The imperfections are weeded out, and are necessary in order to make the system itself sustainable.  So for example, if there was no friction, there wouldn’t be sustainable movement of various things.  Interest rates are necessary to constrict the flow of money, otherwise there would be hyperinflation.  If energy would be purely transferred, there would be no energy absorbed, which would not allow for orderly reactions, therefore actually restricting the amount of energy that could be transferred.  The imperfections are necessary in order to keep the system sustainable.  This strengthens my belief in a God.  But I believe God created this system that we call The Universe and let itself create its destiny.  His gift is life itself, it is ours to do what we will.

Reflection on The Fate of Empires by Sir John Glubb

The Fate of Empires

This is one of those documents that once again motivates me to continue to learn.  The new set of eyes that learning creates brings a sense of peace about the world.  There is less uncertainty which means there is less fear.  Just as there was comfort in knowing that present time is just an instance in the endless cycle of empires, there was extreme anger about the institutions that we entrust to educate ourselves.  I know they are not perfect.  But forcing me to learn and memorize the names and views of senate electoral candidates of Virginia of 1865, does not compare to learning the life cycle of empires.  Honestly there is no contest as to what is more relevant to someone’s life.  This, and other works like Guns, Germs, and Steel, show the importance of knowing history, and also shows the failures of what is being taught.  There is a same phenomena with science classes.  They focus on the concepts and mathematics of it all, but do not discuss how the scientific method is presented in various experiments.  What was the intrinsic error of the experiment?  What questions are answered with this experiment, and what questions remain?  To me, it is more important to learn the why’s and how’s of history rather than the what’s.

The Fate of Empires is a brief essay laying out the life cycle of an empire.  An empire is defined as a super power of their time.  He brings examples ranging from Persia, Ancient China, to the Ottoman Empire.  In fact, all of his evidence is from eras other than our own era, which makes sense when writing something like this.  This read is a basic read, and should be taught to everyone.

The average lifespan of an empire is 250 years.  The life cycle of an empire is broken down into six ages.  They are:

  1. The Age of Pioneers
  2. The Age of Conquest
  3. The Age of Commerce
  4. The Age of Affluence
  5. The Age of Intellectualism
  6. The Age of Decadence

The age of pioneers are the initial surge for a certain country.  In most cases this is done through military means over a bigger civilization.  The main theory as to why this is, is the pioneers envy the life and riches of the great empire that they hope to overthrow.  They are tired of living their lives, which maybe in oppression by the empire.  So, they surge with courage and dedication to change their lives for the better.

Once a nation state is established, the age of conquest takes fruit.  The conquest is to expand their territory to obtain more resources and power.  Once an adequate amount of territories are under control, the age transitions to the age of commerce.  The main purpose of this era is to create more wealth.  The acquisition of wealth usually takes precedence over everything else.  This is the period of time when values start shifting from the self-sacrifice of the initial pioneers to self-interests.  The age of affluence is next.  The rich become more and more separated from the poor, as more wealth is flaunted for people to see.  People enjoy high standards of living, and more and more people are consuming things in excess rather than what they need.  The age of intellectualism is next.  With the necessities of life no worrisome to a good number of people, the next frontier man attempts to explore is that of mother nature.  Civilizations make advancements in science, philosophy, the arts, and literature just to name a few.  The production of universities and schools drastically increase, and the knowledge is more tailored towards specialized knowledge rather than a breadth of knowledge from various subjects.  Finally, where most of the essay is tailored towards, is the age of decadence.

The age of decadence is the decay of the empire.  It is characterized by defensive minded militaries, decaying morals, lost of religion, frivolous consumption of food, entertainment, sex, and the complete focus of individual interests.  When things tend to get rough, it would be thought that the people would work together to fix the problems, but instead there are schisms in the society that make the resolution of dire problems impossible.  With everyone thinking about themselves, they lack the self-sacrifice and courage needed to defend themselves from collapse internally or from the next age of pioneers.

It is pretty obvious that The United States, the world’s super power, is in the last and final stage, the age of decadence.  When just looking at our practices, it becomes clear that our morals have completely collapsed due to actions of various corporations for their increase in profits.  When debating politics, people constantly look at how their interests are affected rather than taking into account the needs of other people.  Sex is the main theme or method of selling products or services, and there are strip clubs and porn sites.  We consume frivolously on drugs, food (obesity), sex, and entertainment.  We worship celebrities rather than a God or religion.  This all points to a society that is on a verge of collapse.  The United States is scheduled to collapse at around 2030.  The 10 generation time scale is an average, so it is not exact.

So why is it, that this cycle exists?  Why is it the same cycle that occurs so frequently in history?  I honestly think it is the corruption and love of money that totally destroys the sustainability of a society.  The acquisition of wealth tailors people to get more, and to only think for themselves.  When individual interests are the priority, nothing gets resolved.  Governments become corrupt, so they accrue more wealth and power.  When the time comes of the new pioneers, they are unable to act.  I also think the self-interests that is created through money distances man from nature.  This separation from nature is literally a contamination that eats away at the required reasoning, morals, and feelings of complete sustainability.  People that are closer to nature are more prone to survival, and are closer to the habitat that we were evolved to be apart of.  Concepts and philosophies of self-sacrifice, and sustainability are needed to survive.  With survival, we are more prone to follow the path at finding who we are, the essence of man, compared to being isolated in cities gorging ourselves with food, drugs, sex, and entertainment.

The flow system of currency is just like any flow system, and a characteristic of a flow system is that it is hierarchical in nature.  That means, whenever there is currency, there are going to be segments that are wide and thick (lots of money), which in turn gets drained by smaller tributaries to facilitate more flow.  This is why there is always a class system with any society.  And that is always going to be there if currency is involved with any economy.  And considering that I think money is the key factor to this cycle of empire life, I think the removal of money should seriously be considered when constructing a new society.

And, as I have stated throughout this blog, I think a good concept that solves this problem is The Resource Based Economy.  Therefore, a Resource Based Economy would create a new cycle or progression of ages throughout its life cycle.

I really hope people start reading on their own, and educate themselves further than the bullshit schools of our day.  Our educational system is a failure.  I’ve read way more relevant and thought provoking works on my own than in any classroom.  I would skip history in high school to read Guns, Germs, and Steel, which should be a central work when evaluating the history of the Earth.  But in the end, I am at ease of all the failures of our society.  It was predetermined when we decided to use a currency with our economy.  And, as usual, a new set of pioneers will take hold and will most likely enact a currency to handle the scarcity of goods and services, which will make the cycle continue.

“The love of money is the root of all evil.” — The Bible

The Constructal Law

Bejan, Adrian, and Zane Peter.  Design in Nature.  First.  New York:  Doubleday, 2012.  Print.

This book is one of those books that will completely change and add to the perceivement of our world and universe at large.  Books like these reinforces the motivation for me to expand my knowledge and read, as the enlightenment that it can bring not only comforts me with the less uncertainties of life, but allows me to be more prepared to tackle large issues of our time.  It is one of those books that makes me feel somewhat more intuned with the world around me compared to the majority of people that have not read this book.  It makes me feel empowered; it puts me in awe with the world around me.

The book talk about a new law of physics that was recently discovered by the primary author of the book.  It is termed The Constructal Law.  The law itself is very simple to understand, but the implications of this law is very profound.  The evidence of this law is all around us because it is a law of reality.  Mathematical details of this law was discussed as well as different observations of flow systems themselves — the primary instance of The Constructal Law.

Put simply, The Constructal Law states that the universe consists of various flow systems.  These systems will evolve structure and design to further facilitate its flow.  Facilitates means that the efficiency of the flow systems and speed will increase due to the designs that naturally are implemented.  “Flow” is another term for the general concept of energy.  Movement of energy will continually evolve to further facilitate the flow of energy.  Therefore, flow systems can be about the flow of electricity, light, money, knowledge, education, ideas, water, air, food, and basically anything that you can think of that flows through the world around us.  And, you will find out that that can encompass almost anything, because the inanimate and animate world is a vast collection of flow systems.

The architecture of these flow systems distribute flow from a point to volume or volume to point configuration.  So let us examine a tree for example.  The root system takes moisture from the volume of the soil, and absorbed it to the point of the trunk.  The roots construct themselves so the flow of water is further facilitated, or in other words, the flow system becomes more efficient as the design is created.  Everything in nature evolves to move the most mass of their flow with the smallest unit of energy.  Then, the the leaves of the tree is responsible for absorbing carbon dioxide and photons in order to create nutrients for the tree which results in the discharge of oxygen and water because water is a catalyst for the reaction.  To take light from the volume of space around the tree to create nutrients that is pumped throughout the tree (sustaining the root system that provides water that is possible for photosynthesis to occur) another volume to point flow system is created to distribute the nutrients throughout the tree.  Also, an overall flow system of volume to point to volume is established to distribute water from the ground to the dry air.  (Energy goes from high to low due to the first law of thermodynamics)  The tree is a flow system of water and nutrients, and this configuration of vasculerization (volume to point or point to volume) is found everywhere in nature to maximize efficiency of flow systems.  Look at the structure of lightning, the structure of arteries and veins, the design of our respiratory system, rivers, cities and their streets, neurons, electricity, to the trajectory of air planes flying across the planet.  This weblike design is the result of further facilitating flow; which means more flow moves with the least amount of energy.

The implications of this is so profound.  The book first talks about how this affects the notion of intelligent design.  Many scholars and scientists observed that nature seemed to have a common design with a whole plathora of structures.  Many assumed this was evidence of some divine creator — the result of his divine engineering project of our universe.  But this law of physics shows that the overall design is due to a tendency of nature itself, which means that the divine did not have to design each system individually.  However, I must note that it does not disprove that existence of a creator.  It is very possible, that the creator enacted a reality that followed laws which had huge implications to the overall system.  In essence it is very possible that this universe was created, flipping the on switch so to speak.  The system evolved itself.  All the creator has to do is sit back and watch — influencing the system directly is a whole other debate.

In my view this reinforces the Platonian view of reality, or his metaphysical statements.  Plato believed that everything shared a life force, ranging to humans to rocks.  Of course this was questioned later in history.  Rocks don’t have organs, they don’t breathe and have blood.  So how could they be living?  But the constructal law shows that the different forms of energy flow from the big bang, to stars, to the earth, to the wind and rain, to lava flows, everything else.  Because of the laws of thermodynamics, high energy will always tend to transfer to systems of lower energy, equalizing the overall energy.  Energy tends to be released into a state of more disorder.  Eventually the energy of the big bang will cease to move; it will equalize and everything will cool.  There is an inevitable end to everything however long it maybe.  Life is movement.  The world around us is filled with various interlacing flow systems that produce The Earth around us.  This flow of energy is in everything, it is the life force that Plato was talking about.  Without the flow of the inanimate world, the flow of the animate world would decrease, meaning less energy would be moved; there would be lots of death.  Therefore, life is apart of nature as nature is a part of life.  They are not mutually exclusive.  (This is concept is strengthened by The Gaia Hypothesis which I will be reading next)  We have to respect nature, or else the flow of life will have increased resistance.  The slower flow of life will eventually evolve in a patter that will further facilitate the movement of energy — or life.  This will result in the overall movement of inanimate systems to increase.  Things would restabilize, however lots of living things would die initially.

Therefore, it is not in humanities best interest to disregard Earth.  Not only is that a obvious statement without knowing this law, but through understanding this LAW of physics, it can easily be predicted that hindering the flow of energy would affect the flow of energy in other places.

It is in my view that God created energy at the start.  Laws were put into place.  From this pure energy matter and anti matter were created.  The matter and anti-matter annihilated creating more energy, which was a feedback process.  This matter eventually created stars, which eventually created more elements.  This changed matter eventually forms planet and solar systems.  Stars created galaxies.  Elements from super novae would react with themselves forming compounds.  This matter would collect into planets having various chemical compositions.  Asteroids, or smaller collection of matter, would ram into these planets bringing various resources, most notably water.  When a planet ends up in a circular orbit inside a habitable zone liquid water is created.  “Life” is the further facilimate of energy.  It is eventually created because this further transfers energy.  More organisms evolve because mutations allow for the further movement of mass with the least amount of energy.  Humans are eventually created.  Through further facilitating movement and energy, knowledge and technology are developed.  The agricultural revolution mixed with the domestication of mammals led to the conditions to produce city states, a more efficient means to transfer energy or various forms.  Technology and knowledge advance.  And eventually we end up to our world today.

As the suns pours down more energy to Earth, this energy will drive life and the movement of the Earth’s systems.  But there is a catch.  Resistances, or imperfections are a requirement for this law to be true.  Otherwise flow segments would flow so quickly it would hinder the flow of other components, making the overall flow structure less efficient.  Therefore, resistances to energy actually make the flow of energy more efficient.  There is a limit to how much energy can be transferred at one time, especially if the initial energy pumped into the system is constant.  I am not saying evolution is done.  I am not saying that everything is the most efficient that it can be.  However, I am saying that there is a limit.  There is a limit to how efficient these flow systems can become because that is the very nature of flow systems themselves.

Using this law, designs of engineering can become vastly more efficient that the author mentions airports and transportation systems to name a few.  He goes into great detail of the mathematics of it all, to show the characteristics of these flow systems and their predictability.  This concept can be applied to the overall flow of money.  If more and more money is being removed from the flow of the system, eventually the system will change in a way to improve efficiency.  Either people will revolt or regulations would be put into place.  I will note, that people would make more money if the flow system would increase in the rate at which money is circulated as well as the amount.  If more and more rich people are hording money, this is a resistance to the flow structure of money.  Of course, there is always resistance.  But using this law, it can be predicted that if this money is circulated through the flow of the economy, improving on the transfer of flow to everyone, more money would be returned back to the people hording money.  If this is taken to an extreme, people that have no money, or too much resistance to the flow structure, will do actions to increase flow.  Am I making sense?  How we go about increasing that flow is a whole other debate.  It could be higher taxes, to higher incentives to spend money.  I would rather go with the latter.

As you can see, this is a read that has changed my life.  It was a very spiritual experience.  So much so, I am going to go to a park and pray for the first time in months.  Reality is beautiful and elegant, and quite simple.  From this simplicity, a plathora of complexity is created to facilitate flow.  Humanity has been studying the complexity, but refuse to step back and see the macro relationships to it all.  Until now.  I can not wait to read The Gaia Hypothesis because I am going to use this concept in my reading to see Truth.  It is a feeling that I can not describe, but one I will use to motivate me to learn more.  This is why I love reading.  And it is apparent to me that we have so much to learn.

Global Warming and the Cycle of Life

Today on the bus home I was reading an article from Scientific American on the issue of climate change.  It was a well written article basically explaining two things.  First, that actual climate change is moving at a much faster rate than was anticipated.  And second, previous drastic changes in temperature on this planet had an onset of increased carbon dioxide concentrations.  This to me, was clear evidence that releasing all that carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, compounded with feedback processes, will make this planet mostly inhabitable eventually.  Now in the past, I would be upset.  I would question our values, our economic paradigm, as to the reason why we are damaging our planet.  And I have done so, by analyzing our economy as best I can, and question the postulates of our time.  But I am starting to come to the conclusion, that we aren’t determining our fate, we are just speeding it up.

The feedback process that scientists are most concerned about is the amount of ice on the planet.  If ice melts, more heat from the sun will be absorbed because there is less ice to reflect the light back, causing in an acceleration of melting ice.  This results in a snowball effect if you will, or feedback process as it is termed in the scientific community.  In other words, if the planet gets warm enough to start melting ice, eventually you will have drastic change in temperature.  And I am starting to think that this is actually a natural cycle of the Earth.

Let’s assume in this thought exercise that there was no humanity.  An age of reptiles and insects with prehistoric birds fill the land.  Eventually, these animals are going to become successful in a reproductive sense.  When this increase in population happens, there is an increase in carbon dioxide emissions, simply because the sheer number of herbivores and omnivores are consuming plant life.  Compound the fact of natural disasters that could contribute to carbon dioxide emissions (volcanoes), as well as the fact that our planet’s orbit fluctuates between a more circular orbit to a more eccentric orbit, you can see how a raise in temperature could happen.  This then, induces feedback processes most notably that of the ice, which most likely is being predicted of having the most influence on climate change.  Extremes happen to temperatures on the planet resulting in an eventual ice age.  An ice age is a reset button if you will of the planet.  It kills most life and stabilizes the temperature.  Once the ice age subsides, there is little life and a lot of planet to explore, rich in carbon absorbing and oxygen expelling plants.  These are the favorable conditions to life.  And this is the cycle that I think our planet is in.  I think one day, our society will be like Ancient Egypt, where humanity will theorize what our lives were like.  I think only a small number of humans will make it through our daunting ice age, but they will.  The cycle of life and death, or yin and yang, is the driving force to our planet.  In other words, I think ice ages are necessary for the planet to continue harboring life.

And so, I look at it now that we are speeding up our destiny.  And, that makes me less mad.  I am also at peace, because I have come with a theory or an image with what I know right now, and it provides a lot of answers as to what might be happening.  Of course, you can never know for sure, the only way of knowing something this complex is to experience it, but the overall theory and image makes sense.  I do believe in Ying Yang.  I do believe that core opposites coexist with one another to balance life.  And as the planet is abundant with life now, it will one day be barren, trying to equalize temperature.  So as we are releasing tons of carbon dioxide in the air and not doing anything about it, as well as be in complete denial about Global Warming, I am at peace knowing we are fulfilling our destiny, of creating a planet that will destroy most of life as we know it.

Finally: I Have Some Idea on How All of This Works

With recent events and my current personal situation, there was a drive for me to figure out how our financial system really works.  The reason being is I keep seeing more and more stress put onto people and their families, as we face a financial dilemma that The United States has not really seen since The Great Depression.

And my intuition, even though I had no research to back this up, was that even during such a time the amount of stress and struggle that is being experienced does not have to be this way.  And if it could be different, why are the people making the decisions are insisting to make things this difficult for The American citizenship?  And so, I started an endeavor to try and get some idea as to what is going on.

The first real shocking revelation was how the banking system works.

It all really started with the first banks of America.  Back in those days, people attributed value to gold, and there was a demand for a more secure location to store everyone’s gold.  Thus the first banks were created, as they would issue certificates proving everybodys’ deposit of gold.  And so, if a citizen wanted to purchase something, they would have to first turn in their certificate to the bank in return for the appropriate amount of gold.  They then would use that gold to purchase whatever good or service, whereby the seller of that particular good or service would eventually deposit that same amount of gold back into the bank’s vault.  Soon, people realized they could be more efficient by only trading the certificate, and not necessarily the gold itself.  And that, was the infancy of our paper based currency.

But bank tellers probably had a good bit of time on their hands, and they started to make an observation that revolutionized how money is understood.  They observed that the entire vault of gold was never released at one time.  There was always a fraction of the gold in the vault.  And so, this whole idea of “Fractional Reserve Banking System” was established, whereby the banks would allocate a fraction of their total deposit of gold for the citizenship, and would use the remaining gold for the first loans.  The bank would issue loans with the paper currency of certificates expecting an interest after a certain period.  Once that interest is paid, essentially money is created and the overall money supply increases.

And so, that is essentially how today’s banks operate.  They use other peoples’ money to put more people in debt.  The Fed sets a standard that local banks have to set aside a certain percent of their deposits for transactions with the public.  The remaining percent of deposits can be used to make more money, by either putting the money in financial instruments or loaning the money back out to the public.  More and more money is paid back, and more and more money is created and thus increasing the overall money supply.  This in turn explains why there is always some form of inflation, even if it is slight.

At this point on my endeavor, I had an intellectual roadblock.  If the banks are creating money from interest on their loans, where are the people getting the money to pay all the interest?  Some people do fall into bankruptcy, which suggests that some people are just unable to pay the required interest because the money just isn’t there.  However, if money were to be added to the overall money supply by another source, people would therefore have the required funds to be able to pay off their interest.  This is where The Government and The Fed come in.

When The Government needs money, it goes to The Fed and sends a certain amount of bonds (that are able to appreciate/depreciate in value) to The Fed in exchange of currency.  That currency is then spent and put into the economy, increasing the overall money supply.

So what about inflation?  Banks are increasing the money supply and The Government is funneling more and more money into the economy.  This is where another purpose of taxes come into light.  Taxes of course help pay for Government programs, but in reality they are really used to satisfy the maturity requirement on The Treasury Bonds that was sent to The Fed.  When The Government needs to spend, money is therefore taken from The Fed.  Therefore, these taxes contract the overall money supply, curbing inflation.

Now, it is true that The Fed can “print” money, which really means they insert numbers on a balance sheet and click save, but The Fed more than likely operate at the same principles as the commercial banks.  They require a certain percentage of deposits from the commercial banks to be sent to their vaults.  A fraction of that money would be required by the banks.  Therefore, the remaining percentage could be used for purchasing of Treasury Bonds, or other financial instruments like the derivative market or foreign exchange.
This is why when there was a partial audit of The Fed done by Congress after the financial crisis, I believe that The Fed had the available funds for their worldwide 17.34 trillion dollar bailout of various institutions.

And so, after all this research, I was pretty disappointed.  Banks are continually creating money, making money, and yet were not satisfied and participated in poor lending practices to make even a larger profit.  To top that off, it is more obvious than ever that debt is used on the American people as a means of oppression.  Let me explain.

“There is no one more hopelessly enslaved, than those who falsely perceive they are free.”

With the amount of money that the commercial banks and central banks are accruing, compounded with wage history of workers vs. business owners, there really should be no reason for such a disparity of class.  Everything is kept the way it is because labor is required for various tasks around the economy.  Debt with interest is established to the populace as an incentive to work, and if working not so favorable jobs gets the bills paid, then so be it.  And, as John Adams put it, in the pursuit of happiness Man has to conquer the material world.  So economic growth, materialism, consumerism, and individual self-maximization are put in front of the well being of fellow citizens, as well as the planet.

It really doesn’t have to be this way.  Banks could still make large amounts of capital by just participating in the stock market, derivative and foreign exchange markets.  And in reality, the money used for loans is our money, not theirs.  They just know a certain fraction of their deposits will be withdrawn.

And frankly, I do not correlate my happiness with material things.  Sure, they are nice, but the most enjoyment I get out of life are foremost relationships that I have with people.  I enjoy intellectual endeavors.  I enjoy walks and nature.  But I do not love materialistic things if that means exploiting other people.  And that is where I differ from most capitalist and most Americans.  This is why I wish things were different; I just don’t see the purpose of creating more and more wealth for the sake of maximizing wealth.  It is sort of like a MMORPG video game.  Those games never end, as the monthly payments from players pay for development for new content.  Maximizing profits will never ever end, and it will only bring about exploitation of people and our planet.

The Resource Based Economy and the Foundational Assumptions of Capitalism

I have finally found something intriguing to write about.  Admittedly, there were some instances where I was not looking hard for something to write about, but with a recent essay I am going to write I am reading an intriguing book.  I am not finished with the book quite yet, however Capitalism 4.0 The Birth of a New Economy in the Aftermath of Crisis by Anatole Kaletsky, is quite an interesting read.  I will write more about the implications of his ideas once I finish the book, but his main thesis is that capitalism is an ever-changing over-complex system, whereby after this most recent financial crises will bring about another version of capitalism as a requirement of survival.  He correlates capitalism as quite literally a living system;  one that is constantly evolving and fights for survival.

But at the beginning of one chapter, a very basic but profound statement was written.  And I quote:

“The word capitalism in its modern sense is only 150 years old.  But the two human characteristics on which it is founded are universal, stretch back into the mists of history, and explain why efforts to replace the chaos and injustice of the markets with more rational or moral systems have always failed.  These two basic human qualities are the competitive spirit (ambition) and the desire for sensual gratification and mastery of the material world.”  (page 41)

And honestly, I feel that.  I feel a desire to master the material world.  However, I also feel that the constant bombardment of advertisements on a constant basis might justify this feeling.  What would happen if we grew up in a society where material gratification wasn’t the key to success and happiness?  A part of me thinks that we would value what that particular society would value at the time, like for example, contributing substantially to society in general.  Therefore, I think the above quote is an accurate statement with regards to our current system, but does not necessarily pertain to all of human nature.

There is no doubt that ambition is rewarded in capitalism.  It has to be!  That one ambitious small business could be the next Apple, or Google.  But essentially what I am asking is, is this due to human nature or from the system promoting certain values and behaviors?  I feel that any given society would have a large impact on imprinting a core set of values and principles into anyone.  I view the human mind to be malleable with a set of certain instincts.  With that said, a new economy could be written and implemented with the understanding that those values would be eventually imprinted onto the populace.

The Resource Based Economy is an economical school of thought that I am excited for.  It is vastly different from the current system that we have, which would make it difficult to implement due to high invested interests in our current system.  But I feel the quality of life for the majority of citizens would be increased, due to the removal of currency (there’s no bartering) and thus the removal of the extreme gap of income inequality.  With current technology, a computer system could be constructed to basically run a national, or global, distribution system of resources.  Resources would only be distributed at or less than the rate of replenishment, ensuring worldly resources for everyone.  The values of this society isn’t about material gratification or self-maximization, but rather care for others, society, and the planet.  Everything would be provided to everyone assuming there is enough resources (which means there may have to be some drastic changes on how we consume on said resource) allowing people to push for intellectual or physical endeavors that interests them.  The suffering of poverty would be eliminated from this planet, as basic living quarters are provided to everyone.

There would still be entertainment.  There would still be markets even, allocating a certain amount of food for the city’s populace.

The fact of the matter is, our infinite growth paradigm is constantly consuming more and more resources.  Eventually, a worldly resource will not be there for the world, greatly impacting our economy as a whole.

Fiat currency, and maybe even tangible backed currency, provide an environment of constant instability.  Depressions followed by economic growth followed by contractions, or in other words, the business cycle, is the result of currency in general.  We can provide a society and thus a state of mind, that does not strive for individualistic growth and constant material gratification.

Unity –> Not Individualism

I remember watching an anime that really captivated me.  Heroic Age was a story of fantastic lore with truly powerful heroes and battles.  It was a story where humanity was on the verge of survival, with The Tribe of Silver constantly trying to eliminate all of humanity.

And well, it seems that the only time humanity unites is when their very existence is put into question.  At least, that is how various artists interpret the whole issue.  Another example would be the infamous Independence Day, where Will Smith is the hero that saves humanity from the invading aliens.

What is interesting to me, is that humanity faces some serious issues (not necessarily another alien race wanting our extinction) and yet we refuse to unite.  I have talked about many issues in the past, like Peak Oil and Global Warming.  But I suppose I will start talking about over population.

Soon, it is expected that humanity’s population will reach about 7.5 billion people.  To make things even worse, it has been estimated that about 1 million people are migrating to U.S. cities per day.  The true sagnificance of this, is that our population curve is exponentially getting out of control.  And, it is a known relationship in nature that when a population gets, well, over populated, nature will naturally induce conditions to balance the population problem.  There is a general trend however, as Gaia as well as humanity both struggle for survivability.  As Gaia (Earth) puts forth conditions that would start to contract the human population, humanity has created an innovation to keep our infinite growth paradigm alive.  The catch is, the rate at which these innovations are taking place, has to steadily increase in order to keep our way of life.  Eventually, humanity will not be able to keep up.

With that said, we would all benefit if we all worked together.  Yes, there are other more immediate issues presented in front of us.  But this population problem is going to induce a population dip.  How is humanity going to handle this event?  With our individualistic culture, it is my hypothesis that at least in The United States, for the most part, people would put their interests first followed by the interests of the community.  As, it would be nice to survive, I suppose through my spiritual endeavors, I am opposite.  I would put the needs of the group before the needs of my own.

This in my opinion, is the intellectual revolution that I think we need to start thinking about.  It is true, through individual financial interests, coupled with the industrial revolution sparked growth that has been unprecedented in the past 200 some odd years.  But, that does not justify that we use this model, or framework of thinking, for eternity.

There is a fascinating relationship between science fiction writers and science.  It seems that for humanity to progress to a world where we would be able to conquer the stars, and be at homeostasis with our planet, we would all have to work together for the common good.  Another frightening aspect of this, is having one world government.  Now, we immediately are fearful of this as this government could very potentially do very evil things for their own individual self-interests.  The answer, is if humanity truly believes in the idea of putting the community first, then themselves, there could very well be a worldwide government, and it could be possible.

A world wide government provides some advantages and disadvantages obviously.  A disadvantage to many Americans, would be that it could be very possible that million dollar mansions would not be in the grand scheme of things.  In my opinion, sacrificing material wealth for quality of life is a no brainer, especially because material wealth does not correlate to quality of life.  A world wide government would oversee the economic model that the citizenship (humanity) would vote to enact.  And inevitably, if everyone is thinking about the betterment of other people than themselves, the less fortunate would be able to enjoy a life of fresh water and shelter.  To me, that world makes a whole lot more sense.  I heard a statistic one day that made my heart plummet.  About 35,000 children starve to death in Africa per second.  I guess our sports cars are more valuable than other peoples’ lives.

It is easy for us to blame other people for their outcome for various reasons, instead of realizing that the responsibility partially has to do with America’s foreign policy.  And well, America’s culture in general allows these atrocities to happen because it is so individualistic.  It is the children’s fault that they are starving to death!  That is a very quick and easy thought, because in The American scheme of things, everything is about individual freedom.  I believe however, we have taken this to an unhealthy extreme.  We have taken it to the point that we are unempathetic about our common man.  Of course, being empathetic towards other people is hard to do when you hear certain things in the news, or watch certain events on a public transit system.  If anything, we should view this as a sick society.  A society that does need some serious revamp.  Afterall, all one has to do is look at the depression and anxiety epidemic in America!  We are not necessarily happy, yet we “enjoy” some of the highest standards of living.

Instead of exploiting people for individual gain, we should practice empathy and start working to help people, all around the world regardless of race or creed.  Both sides, America’s Allies and enemies, have done atrocious things to one another.  I feel it is time that we start working together!  We have so many challenges approaching us, that the last thing humanity needs is conflict within ourselves.  Everyone refers to the early humans practicing Tribalism.  It is in my view, that we are still practicing it!  Our tribes are our countries, even though 7.5 billion people share about 99.999 percent of their DNA.  If humanity just practiced humility and realized that their side messed up, as well as acknowledging that the other side messed up too, tried their best to make amends and move forward, we have the knowledge and capabilities to provide representation to the entire globe.  A worldwide computer network, a world wide economy, and a world wide space agency, are just some of the things that we would enjoy.  It is easy for an individualistic culture, especially with our media, to see this as an opportunity for exploitation.  And it is true, that this government could exploit the masses.  It is very possible.  However, if we construct a system to hopefully prevent that behavior, as well as promote a culture that favors another human being, quality of life would greatly increase for everyone.

As social stratification decreased (income inequality) the overall health of the entire world population would increase.  Higher life expectancy, as well as fewer disorders.  The works.  Finally, crime would decrease, as there is a huge correlation between crime and poverty.  Drugs are known to have a huge influence in impoverished environments, and, we as a people should treat drugs as a public health issue, not a criminal one.  There should be good quality education for everyone.  And I know what most people are thinking.  How are we going to pay for this?

Why can’t this culture get past this question?  First of all, The Fed just recently released due to a partial audit, that they issues a 17.x trillion, that is right trillion, dollar bailout to various institutions across the globe.  It is in my view, with fiat currency, that you can really just create money out of thin air to satisfy the needs.  But, maybe we as a human race do not follow the current economic paradigms.  The paradigm that makes the most sense to me, would be a paradigm that not only serves humanity, but nature as well.  You can give me a negative connotation of being a tree huger all you want, but we only have one home, and ontop of that, if humanity does find another planet to colonize, this is our native home.  Why not take care of it?

That is why I believe that we should base our economic decisions on the rate at which Earth can replenish said resources.  That way, we can ensure a healthy Earth, and therefore a healthy biosphere (The Gaia Hypothesis).  Also, a huge factor in this is population.  Regardless of ideology, the human population is getting out of control.  We need to start limiting how large a single family unit can or can’t be, simply because humanity’s population is such that we are consuming faster than the Earth can replenish.  This is the stepping stones for something disastrous.

But in order for any of this to start working, and going in a certain direction, every single human being has to have some caring, some empathy, some understanding of the other human being.  Some people, while going through some very troublesome times, do some very troublesome things.  They should take responsibility for those actions, but in either case, that does not justify us from ceasing to care about that person.  Only through Unity, can humanity face some of the most serious issues that have confronted us.  It is true, that our current ideology of individualism fueled the growth that got us here.  However, that does not necessarily mean that this concept of self-maximization can fix all of the problems that it created.